Rabu, 29 Juli 2009

Bungklang Bungkling: C E R I T A





CERITA

Bagaimana ya kira-kira nasib cerita-cerita rakyat tradisional Bali?
Kalau diperhatikan, bahasa Bali sendiri kurang begitu populer, apalagi cerita rakyatnya.
“Aku heran mengapa anak-anak sekarang tidak ada yang mau mendengarkan cerita rakyat,” kata I Ketut Tua Cakluk.
“Kalau tidak diam di depan televisi sepanjang hari, maka mereka akan sms an sepanjang malam.”
I Made memang orangnya sedikit naif. Seolah-olah dia senang dengan cerita, padahal sebenarnya tidak. Karena yang dia tonton sebenarnya sama dengan Ibu-Ibu PKK; kalau bukan Cinta Fitri, Melati Untuk Marvel maka bisa jadi Tersanjung 100.
Cerita yang paling dia minati sebenarnya adalah cerita porno.
Anak-anak zaman sekarang tidak mau mendengarkan cerita, bukannya karena mereka tidak senang dengan cerita-cerita zaman dulu, melainkan karena sudah tidak ada lagi cerita-cerita yang baik,” I Ketut Pupuk Bawang menjawab.
I Ketut adalah anggota paling muda dikalangan kelompok peminum tuak. Dulu dia suka pergi ke kafé-kafé di Kuta. Tapi semenjak kafe-kafe itu menjadi sarang preman yang suka memukul orang, I Ketut kemudian mengungsi ke kafe-kafe yang ada di tengah sawah. Tapi di sanapun I Ketut tidak bisa mimum dengan tenang. Setiap saat dia digoda sama cewek kafe nya. Akibatnya dia memutuskan untuk ikut menjadi anggota perkumpulan peminum tuak desa. Sebab di kelompok peminum tersebut sama sekali tidak ada preman apalagi cewek nakal. Harga bir juga tidak sampai dua puluh lima ribu sebotol.
“Dahulu orang tua kita mendongeng kepada kita agar ada pegangan bagi anak-anak untuk menjalani kehidupan.”
Sehinga kita mengenal cerita tentang Pedanda Baka, supaya anak-anak tahu bagaimana menghindari diri dari bahaya; Siap Selem, supaya kita cerdik dengan musuh; Durma, yang mengajarkan kita supaya taat dan berbakti kepada orang tua; Mayadenawa, supaya kita tetap ikhlas beryadnya.
“Tapi sekarang cerita yang disampaikan oleh orang tua sekarang hanya cerita ‘menepuk dada.”
Pada cerita tentang ‘menepuk dada’ ini yang mejadi pemainnya adalah orang yang menepuk dada itu sendiri. Yang diceritakan hanya tentang kepandaian dan keberhasilannya sendiri.
“Dikira dirinya yang paling berjasa, paling berkorban, paling demokratis. Dikiranya tanpa dia, maka bangsa ini tidak akan ada seperti ini.”
Jika yang bercerita memang orang yang memang berjasa, pasti banyak orang yang mendengar ceritanya. Sialnya, kebanyakan yang bercerita tidak pernah berbuat apa-apa. Kebanyakan dari mereka hanya bisanya ngomong saja.
“Anak-anak tidak mau mendengar cerita lagi karena tidak ada yang sesuai dengan zaman, kata I Ketut lagi.
Kalau cerita zaman dulu, jika ada orang yang miskin, tapi perilakunya baik, pasti pada akhirnya akan menemukan keselamatan dan kesejahteraan, cukup sandang, pangan dan harta.
Akan tetapi kalau sekarang, kalau memang dasarnya miskin, sekalipun melukat (menyucikan diri) sampai berkali-kali, tetap saja akan miskin. Perilaku religius tidak menjamin anda bisa beli kopi, apalagi untuk membayar cicilan rumah sakit dan uang paksa-rela sekolah.
Cerita-cerita zaman dulu juga bercerita bahwa jika ada manusia yang amat jahat dan sakti, maka para dewa akan turun untuk membinasakannya.
Tapi zaman sekarang, jika ada orang yang jahat/korup, bisa tenang-tenang berlibur ke luar negeri. Jangankan dihukum, kena tahanan kota saja tidak. Ada orang yang meledakkan bom dimana-mana, hingga kini masih saja bisa hidup.
Jika kita ingin agar anak-anak kita mendengar cerita kita maka kita harus memberikan cerita-cerita yang baik, yang sesuai dengan zamannya, serta diceritakan oleh orang yang tepat.

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S T O R I E S

Many people are worried about what happen to Balinese stories.
When the Balinese language is not popular among the Balinese themselves anymore, how do you expect the Balinese stories can survive?
“I really can not understand, the children now do not like listening to stories,” says I Made Tua Cakluk (I Made Very Old).
“They just like watching television all day or playing with their mobiles (doing sms).”
I Made is a kind of a naïve person. He thinks that he understands about stories. In fact, he doesn’t. He is just the same as other Ibu-Ibu PKK (housewife); they like watching cinetrons such as Cinta Fitri, Melati Untuk Marvel and Tersanjung 100.
The other thing is that he likes ‘porn stories’.
“I think the children now do not like stories not because they don’t like them, it is just that there are no good stories to tell anymore,” says I Ketut Pupuk Bawang (I Ketut Fertilizer for Onions).
I Ketut is the youngest member of the local drinking club. He used to go to the cafés in Kuta. However, as they have become ‘houses’ for more and more ‘criminals’, he decided to go to cafés in the rice fields to visit the ‘girls’. But he then found that even there, he didn’t feel comfortable as he could not enjoy himself drinking. The café girls keep seducing and touching him all the time. That’s why he then started joining the drinking club until now. There he finds no criminals, nor naughty girls.
“Our parents used to tell us stories for our guidance to be good people.”
Therefore we have stories such as Pedanda Baka, which tells us how to escape from dangerous things or criminals; Siap Selem, how to cheat your enemies; Durma, how to be good children and obey your parents; Mayadenawa tells us not to complain when you have to do something for religious things.
“Nowadays parents are just busy telling ‘stories’ about their success to their children.”
The ‘characters’ on the stories are themselves. The parents tell their children that they are success people and have done a lot of things.
“They think that they have rendered their country many services, very democratic. They also think that this country would be nothing without them.”
If the right is person telling the right thing, many people will listen. But if we notice, there are more people talking but doing nothing. They just talk, talk and talk.
“The children are not willing to listen to stories anymore as the stories do not match the current situation,” says I Ketut.
As comparison, old Balinese stories tell us that in old time when there was a poor person but dedicated himself to do good things, he would finally find himself a happy and prosperous person.
But today, if you are poor or have nothing, you will remain poor; no matter how many times you do ‘melukat’ (cleansing oneself) ceremonies. Your dedication to religious things won’t buy you coffee, pay your hospital bill, nor pay your children school fees.
Old Balinese stories also tell that, if a person is given divine powers but use his powers for evil things, the gods will come down to earth to destroy him.
But now, no matter how bad (corrupt) the people are, many of them still can go overseas for holidays and nobody punishes them, not even confine them with home detention. And as we can see some fundamentalists still can ruin the situation with bomb explosions.
So if you want your children to listen to your ‘stories’, tell them the good ones, which match the current situation, and the stories are supposed to be told by good people.