Rabu, 19 Agustus 2009

Bungklang Bungkling: N A S I


Diambil dari kolom ‘Bungklang Bungkling’, 'NASI’, di harian Bali Post, Minggu, 16 Agustus 2009, oleh I Wayan Juniartha  Diterjemahkan oleh Putu Semiada





N A S I


Apakah nasionalisme itu?

Dan apakah perbedaan antara nasionalisme dengan ‘nasi pulen’, nasi goring, nasi pecel dan nasi séla (nasi yang dicampur ketela)?
“Bedanya, kalau nasi pulen bisa dimakan, tapi nasionalisme tidak. Nasi goring bisa membuat perut kenyang, tapi nasionalisme hanya membuat perut kosong,” kata I Made Gombalisasi.
“Tapi kalau ‘nasi séla’ mempunyai persamaan dengan nasionalisme, sama-sama membuat perut kembung dan juga kentut,” katanya lagi.
I Madé adalah contoh dari generasi baru penduduk dunia. Dia lahir di Bali. Dia masih sempat merasakan berlari-larian di tengah sawah dan belajar di TK balé banjar. Setelah itu sekolahnya berpindah-pindah. SD nya di Jawa, SMPnya di Australia, SMAnya di Jepang, kuliahnya di Amerika, dia mendapat gelar doctor di Inggris lalu bekerja di Jenewa.
I Madé sudah tidak percaya lagi dengan yang namanya kedaulatan negara-bangsa. Zaman globalisasi yang lebih berkuasa adalah perusahaan-perusahaan multinasional, bukannya Negara.
“Mana yang lebih berkuasa Amerika Serikat atau McDonald/KFC?” tanya dia lagi.
Saat ini McDonald dan KFC sudah merambah kemana-mana, sehingga yang berperang sekarang bukan tentara, bukan negara, melainkan perusahaan. Senjatanya juga bukan bedil ataupun meriam, tapi uang dan produk. Yang dijajah juga bukan wilayah, tapi perut dan pikiran.
“Tinggal menunggu waktu saja, sebelum ayam dan bebek untuk caru (sesaji) dihaturkan, maka KFC dan McDonald juga bisa dihaturkan. Nah, kalau sudah seperti ini, maka para dewa pun sudah dijajah,” I Madé terus ceramah.
Warga yang lainnya hanya bisa manggut-manggut saja. Tidak ada yang berani membantah. Semuanya merasa tahu diri karena mereka tidak tamat SD. Juga tidak ada yang mau menyela perkataan I Madé. Mereka menyadari, karena dia baru datang dari luar, jadi apa salahnya diberikan kesempatan bicara.
“Sekarang sibuk bicara masalah nasionalisme, upacara bendera dan bambu runcing, membela negara sampai mati. Bagaimana mau mengalahkan globalisasi dengan bambu runcing,” I Madé semakin berapi-api.
Bisa saja bendera merah putih dikerek tinggi-tinggi, tapi kalau kainnya made in China, tali pengerek made in Taiwan, tiang bendera berasal dari besi impor, lalu apa gunanya menepuk dada mengaku merdeka?
“Jika memang benar-benar mau membela Negara, perangnya saat ini berlangsung di luar. Kita mesti pintar, giat bekerja, berani meninggalkan rumah untuk bekerja di luar negeri, sehingga tidak menjadi korban dan menjadi konsumen saja, dan juga terus dijajah,” air liur I Madé terus berpidato sementara air liurnya memercik kemana-mana.
Warga yang lain hanya manggut-manggut saja. Tidak ada yang bergerak sedikitpun. Tadinya Pak Kelian (ketua banjar) hendak mengundang I Madé untuk dipalak. Dia berfikir, karena bekerja di luar negeri, tentu duitnya banyak, pasti gampang kalau diinta membeli kupon bazaar barang 100 lembar. Rencananya keuntungan bazaar akan dipakai untuk membeli bendera dan hadiah dalam rangka perayaan 17 Agustus di desa.
Sekarang mereka saling melihat satu sama lainnya. Tidak ada yang berani menawarkan kupon bazaar. Maklum, basarnya bekerja sama dengan McDonald dan KFC.
Tampaknya, nasionalisme kita hanya sebatas nasionalisme gerak jalan, tarik tambang, panjat pinang dan menaikkan bendera saja. Masalah yang lain-lain, kita memang senang, minta dan asyik saja dijajah.


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R I C E

One of the local drinking club members asks what ‘nasionalisme’ (nationalism) means today?
He also asks what its difference from ‘nasi pulen’ (yummy white rice), ‘nasi goreng’ (fried rice), ‘nasi pecel’ (white rice with peanut sauce vegetables) is.
“’You can eat ‘nasi pulen’ but you can’t eat ‘nasionalisme’. ‘Nasi goreng’ can make you ‘full’ but ‘nasioanalisme’ only makes you hungry,” says I Madé Gombalisasi (I Madé Bullshit).
Only ‘nasi sela’ (rice mixed with sweet potato) is similar with ‘nasionalisme’ which make problem for your stomach and keeps you farting,” he further says.
I Madé is an educated Balinese. He was born in Bali. He enjoyed playing in the rice field when he was a kid and studied in the pre-school in the banjar (community hall). When he finished his pre-school, he continued his study in some different places. He spent his Elementary School in Java, Junior High School in Australia, Senior High School in Japan. He went to university in USA, got his doctoral degree in England and worked in Geneva.
I Madé s does not believe in national sovereignty anymore. According to him, it’s a global era. The countries have no power anymore. It is the multinational corporations that control the power.
“Which do you think is more ‘powerful’, the USA as a country or ‘McDonald and KFC? he asks.
You know, McDonald and KFC now exist everywhere. The ‘war’ today needs no countries or armies, but multinational corporations instead. And the ‘weapons’ are not guns nor canons, but money and products. They don’t conquer your land, but they ‘conquer’ your ‘stomach’ and attitude.
“It’s like time bomb. Just wait until you see the Balinese use fried chicken from KFC and McDonald for offerings to the gods. That’s the time when our gods are ‘conquered’ by them,” I Madé keeps talking.
The members of the local drinking club are just nodding to what Made says. Nobody dares to interrupt. They know who they are. They know that they didn’t even finish their elementary school. In addition, they know that I Madé has just returned from overseas so they think why not give him a chance to talk as he wants to.
“We are busy discussing about nationalism, raising flag ceremony, sharp bamboos (used to fight against Dutch during its occupation), fight until the death for your own country. But how do you think you can fight ‘globalisation’ just using ‘sharp bamboo?” I Madé criticizes his friends.
You may raise your our flag as high as you can. But what if the fabric you use for the flag is made in China, the ropes are made in Taiwan, the flag pole is made from imported iron. Under this circumstance, can you still call your self as nationalist?
“If you really want fight for your country, you should really make yourself smart, hard-working, and you should dare to leave your home to work overseas, for instance, otherwise you will be only victims of consumerism, and you will be ‘conquered ’” I Madé keeps lecturing while his saliva splashing like rain.
They all are just nodding. Nobody moves. The head of ‘banjar’ was going to invite I Madé to the palm toddy warung, to ask him to buy some food bazaar coupons for fund-raising. He might think that I Madé would buy 100 hundred coupons as he has a lot of money. The fund will be used to buy a flag and prizes for competitions during the Independence Day celebration in the village.
Now they are looking at one another. Nobody dares to ask I Madé to buy some coupons as they are McDonald and KFCs.
It seems that our implementation of nationalism spirit is limited to only ‘marching competition’, tug of war game, climbing palm tree, and raising flag ceremony. In other more important aspects of our life, we ‘love’, ‘enjoy’ and ‘ask for being conquered’ (by other countries/multinational corporations).