Senin, 28 September 2009

Bungklang Bungkling: REFORMASI

Diambil dari kolom ‘Bungklang Bungkling’, ‘Reformasi’, di harian Bali Post, Minggu, 20 September 2009, oleh I Wayan Juniartha  Diterjemahkan oleh Putu Semiada


REFORMASI



Sepuluh tahun era reformasi sudah berlalu. Adakah perbedaannya dengan zaman Orde Baru?

“Dahulu, kalau kita mau mengurus surat, sertifikat, ijin usaha, sulit sekali. Banyak meja yang haus dilewati, dan mesti berani mengeluarkan uang tambahan untuk pejabat di pusat. Sekalipun sudah membayar uang tapi tetap harus lama menunggu keluarnya ijin,”

Warga yang lain tampak tidak begitu antusias mendengarkan ceramah I Madé. Mereka tidak sedang selera membicarakan masalah politik. Semuanya masih merasa gemetar. Mereka semua kurang tidur, kurang minum kopi. Selagi enak-enak tidur tadi malam tiba-tiba mereka dikejutkan oleh gempa. Semuanya berlarian ke luar menyelamatkan diri. Mereka takut dengan adanya gempa susulan, tidak ada yang berani mengambil kopi ke dapur. Karena itulah sore itu mereka semua berkumpul untuk sekedar meringankan beban pikiran dengan cara minum tuak.

“Lalu, apa bedanya dengan zaman reformasi?” I Ketut Blauk Baud Setengah Gila bertanya.

“Kalau sekarang mengururs surat, sertifikat, ijin usaha malah semakin lama prosesnya. Jumlah pejabat yang harus diberi uang bensin dan uang rokok semakin banyak. Sekarang mulai dari pejabat tingkat pusat sampai daerah sampai kepala desa hingga ketua lingkungan minta jatah. Walaupun kita sudah menyerahkan uang belum tentu urusannya beres,” kata I Made penuh sesal.

Sekarang mereka semua tertawa terbahak-bahak.

“Kalau dahulu, kebanyakan anggota dewan adalah orang yang berpendidikan tapi memasang wajah seperti preman, kalau sekarang kebanyakan anggota dewa adalah preman yang memasang wajah sebagai orang yang berpendidikan.”

Kalau dahulu Pemilunya bersifat langsung, umum, bebas, rahasia, tapi kita sudah tahu pemenangnya sebelum pemungutan suara mulai. Kalau sekarang, hampir satu bulan pemungutan suara berlalu, milyaran uang rakyat sudah habis, tapi hasilnya masih remang-remang.

“Jika dahulu hasil Pemilu hanya bikin gatal. Tapi sekarang hasilnya hanya mengisap darah rakyat.”

Mereka yang mendengarkan hanya manggut-manggut saja.

Kalau dahulu banyak sekali koruptornya tetapi hanya segelintir saja yang ditangkap. Sekarang, banyak sekali koruptor, akan tetapi yang diperiksa oleh polisi malah anggota KPKnya, bukannya koruptor.

“Kalau dahulu, jangankan mau merakit bom, baru berfikir saja sudah langsung ditangkap. Sekarang, mau ngobom dimana saja gampang, bahkan pelakunya malah menganggap dirinya sebagai pahlawan. Hebatnya lagi, banyak sekali yang mendukung, dan pemerintah hanya senyum-senyum saja.”

Kalau dahulu salah membaca Pancasila kita bisa langsung diinterogasi di Kodim. Sekarang siapa yang peduli dengan Pancasila. Bhineka Tunggal Ika sekarang hanya jadi obrolan sampah. Daerah pada berlomba-lomba membuat aturan sendiri berdasarkan agama, dimana-mana mereka berkoar-koar hendak mendirikan agama Islam. Pemerintah pura-pura tidak tahu.”

“Akan tetapi ada satu hal yang tetap sama antara zaman dulu dengan zaman sekarang. Dari dahulu hingga sekarang yang miskin tetap miskin , yang kaya semakin kaya,” I Ketut menyela.

Tampaknya, Orde Lama, Orde Baru maupun orde Reformasi memang tidak ada hubungannya dengan orang miskin.

Oleh karena itulah, wajar saja orang miskin tidak sempay membicarakan masalah situasi Negara. Mereka sibuk dengan masalah harga beras, harga mi instant, takut digigit anjing, takut memelihara ayam, sampai gemetar karena gempa.

“Oleh karena itu aku lebih percaya dengan tuak dari pada pemerintah. Kalau tuak, baru diminum tiga botol, aku langsung bisa mabuk dan lupa dengan masalah hidup yang semakin berat. Kalau pemerintah, biar didemo ratusan kali, tetap tidak akan ada perubahan.”

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Reformation Era
Ten years has passed since the ‘Reformasi’. The question is: What is the difference between the ‘reformasi’ (reformation) era and the ‘Orde Baru’ (New Order) era?
“During the new order, it was very difficult for us when we had to deal with the officials for paper work, land certificate, business/building permit. Too many desks we should pass and we had to prepare extra money as well for the officials in Jakarta which didn’t guarantee the permit would come quckly, though. We still had to wait long,” says I Madé Geleh Breteh (I Made Easily Get Panic).
The local drinking club members do not really notice what Madé says. They are not really in the mood to talk about political situations. Everyone is still nervous. They haven’t slept well and need to drink more coffee: It is all because of the earthquake. It happened during their sleep last night. When the earthquake happened everyone was rushed out of their houses. They were all afraid of more earthquakes. Nobody really dared to go to the kitchen to get some coffee. That’s why they are gathered this afternoon to enjoy themselves. No matter how bad the earthquake was, the tuak always tastes fantastic.
“So, what’s is the difference between the New Order and the Reformation Order?” ask Ketut Blauk Baud Nyem-Nyeman (Ketut Crazy Cricket).
Madé becomes excited having heard that question from Ketut.
“It takes longer when we want to deal with the officials for paperwork. There are more officials that we need to give extra money. From the high rank officials to the lowest ones—they all want to have their part. Even when you have given them extra money, it doesn’t guarantee everything will run smoothly.”
Formerly, most of the Legislative Assembly members were educated people who acted as if they were street people, but now most of them are street people but acted as if they are educated ones.
In addition, formerly the General Election was ‘directly’, ‘public’, ‘free’ and ‘confidential’ but you already knew the winner before the vote counting started. But now, after a month, and billions of Rupiahs gone, the result is not certain.
“Formerly, the result of general election was really annoying but now the result is even more a painful.”
“There were many corrupt officials before, but only a few were arrested; but now there are many corrupt officials but the strange thing is that it is the KPK (Corruption Eradication Commission) chairmen who have been investigated instead of the corrupt parties.”
“Don’t ever think you can make a bomb during the New Order regime; just when you have it in your mind, you would be busted. Now, bombs explode everywhere, and the doers even think they are heroes, and they have supporters too. In facing this situation, the officials just smile.
Formerly, when you misspelled Pancasila (the Five Principles), you would be interrogated at the Kodim (District Military Command). Now who really cares? Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Diversity in Unity slogan) is just rubbish now. Each province makes their own regulations based on Islam principles while the government just pretends as if they don’t see.
“But you know, there is one similarity between New Order and Reformation Era; that is: the poor remain poor, the rich become richer,” Ketut gives his opinion.
It seems there is no connection between Old Order, New Order or Reformation Order and poverty.
Therefore it is understandable the poor have no time to think about the political situation. They are already busy with their own business like how they afford rice that is getting more and more expensive. They think of instant noodle price, they are afraid of dog bite, almost give up practicing chicken husbandry, and still traumatic from the last earthquake.
“That’s why I’d rather have palm toddy than talking about our government. I mean, after drinking 3 bottles of palm toddy, you can forget all of your problems in your life. How about the government? No matter how many times you have demonstrations against them, there will be no significant change.