Jumat, 07 Januari 2011

Bungklang Bungkling: Duweg oleh Wayan Juniarta

Diambil dari kolom ‘Bungklang Bungkling’, ‘Duweg’, di harian Bali Post, Minggu, 2 Januari 2011, oleh I Wayan Juniartha. Diterjemahkan oleh Putu Semiada


Duweg (Pandai)
I Made Buta Aksara terheran-heran melihat anak-anak jaman sekarang. Mereka belum bisa berjalan dengan baik, tapi sudah didaftarkan menjadi murid, belum sadar betul dari bangun tidur, mereka sudah mesti buru-buru berangkat ke sekolah, dan belum begitu tegak sekali , mereka sudah mesti menggendong tas rangsel yang berisi buku banyak sekali.
Kalau dahulu yang ada hanya SD, sekarang sudah ada TK, dan sebelum TK masih ada playgroup. Mungkin lama-lama bayi yang baru lahir sudah mesti disuruh sekolah.
“Waktu jaman aku dulu, jangankan tahu sekolah, atau huruf, melihat nasi putih yang dicampur ketela saja sudah bersyukur sekali,” kata I Made.
Sekarang baru lahir sudah diberi susu yang mahal, pantatnya terus dibungkus pampers. Baru tiga tahun sudah masuk play group, pasti mereka akan menjadi anak-anak yang sangat pintar nantinya.”
Yang lainnya manggut-manggut saja. Kebanyakan dari mereka saat ini punya cucu yang lagi bersekolah, ada yang di play group, dan ada juga yang di TK.
Apalagi masuknya di TK swasta yang memiliki kurikulum internasional seperti cucuku, Ni Luh Astrid Helenawati Pertiwi Utami,” kata I Wayan Belog Dusun .
Umurnya belum sampai lima tahun, tapi biacaranya ceriwis sekali. Dia kadang-kadang berbicara bahasa Indonesia, setelah itu bahasa Inggris, habis itu berbahasa Cina, tapi tidak pernah berbahasa Bali. Maklumlah sekolahnya memakai kurikulum internasional.
Akibatnya kakek dan neneknya tidak bisa ngomong-ngomong sama cucunya. Mau menawarkan sesuatu juga tidak berani karena cucunya sukanya hanya Rotiboy dan pizza. Akibatnya kakek dan neneknya hanya bisa tertegun menyaksikan cucunya bicaranya ceriwis dan meniru-niru tingkah polah artis sinetron yang di televisi.
“Sebaliknya cucuku bodohnya tidak ketulungan semenjak dia sekolah di TK. Kerjanya hanya menangis di rumah, tidak mau sekolah. Katanya setiap dia sekolah ibu gurunya marah-marah saja karena dia tidak bisa membaca dan menulis. Teman-temannya juga sering mengejeknya, dia dikatakan bodoh. Aku kasihan sama dia, masih kecil tapi bebannya berat sekali,” kata I Ketut Celurut.
Memang sulit menjadi anak kecil sekarang. Karena sekarang jaman kompetensi, jadinya dari kecil sudah disuruh belajar
Dahulu anak-anak masih sempat belajar merangkak dan berjalan pelan-pelan dan terhuyung-huyung, dan kadang-kadang jatuh.
Kalau sekarang mereka sudah harus langsung lari. Anak kecil yang pintar itu adalah anak yang masih di TK yang bisa membaca, menulis dan menghitung. TK yang bagus itu adalah yang mengajarkan murid-muridnya membaca, menulis dan menghitung. Orang tua yang baik itu adalah orang tua yang menyekolahkan anaknya di TK dan setiap sore hari memaksa anaknya belajar membaca, menulis dan menghitung.
“Jika dari TK sudah bisa membaca, menulis dan menghitung, tentu akan lebih cepat bisa menyerap pelajaran di SD. Jika duluan masuk, tentu duluan tamat. Jika umur 3 tahun sudah masuk, tentu umur 20 sudah menjadi professor. Seperti itu tampaknya tujuannnya,” sela I Made.
Sialnya tujuan tersebut memang sama sekali tidak ada hubungannya dengan jiwa anak-anak.
Kalau diandaikan sebagai buah, bagaikan buah yang dikarbit. Bukannya karena buah itu ingin cepat matang. Namun lebih karena yang punya buah ingin cepat-cepat merasakan manisnya buah tersebut, dan ingin mendapatkan keuntungan secepatntya.
Karena buah itu matang karena karbit, jadinya lebih banyak hasil pendidikannya membuat hati miris; ada anak kecil yang cetu (kecil umurnya tapi tua bicara dan perbuatnnya), ada anak kecil yang gede-gede ngonyang boreh (tahu segala teori, tapi tidak bisa menaikkan layang-layang, tidak tahu metembing (permainan tradisional), karena lebih banyak terkurung di kamar belajar dari buku, ada juga anak-anak yang bantal dugal (tidak kuat menghadapi pelajaran di sekolah, akibatnya mengamuk sana sini, tidak mau sekolah dan tidak mau mendengarkan nasehat).
“Jangan terlalu keras sama anak-anak. Meskipun dia belum bisa membaca maupun menulis, jika mereka masih bisa tertawa, bermain, mendengarkan nasehat, serta sayang dengan saudara-saudaranya, maka itu adalah hak yang bagus sekali. Sekalipun besok lusa mereka tidak menjadi professor, pasti mereka akan menjadi orang yang mempunyai akal budi,” kata I Made lagi.
Di dunia ini sudah banyak ada professor, jadi sudah tidak perlu sama orang pintar lagi. Yang lebih diperlukan adalah orang-orang yang berakhlak dan berbudi.

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Duweg (Smart)
I Made Buta Aksara (I Made Illiteracy) can not understand on what happen to the children these days. They are sent to school when they are still too young to study.
Formerly, they only needed to go to elementary school first. But today, they are sent to playgroup before sent to kindergarten school. It seems that their parents want to send hem to school as earlier as possible.
“When I was a kid, going to school and being able to read are something luxurious. You were already lucky when you were able to have steamed rice mixed with chopped sweet potato,” says I Made.
But today, just when a baby born, it will be fed with expensive milk, and provided with pampers. When the baby is three years old, it will be sent to a play group and the parents expects that their baby will be very very smart.
Everyone nods. All of them have grandchildren who are at play groups and kindergarten schools now.
“You can even send your grandchildren to a kindergarten school with an international curriculum, like my granddaughter Ni Luh Astrid Helenawati Pertiwi Utami,” I Wayan Belog Dusun.
“My granddaughter is not 5 years old yet but she can speak some language; she speaks Indonesian, English, Chinese, but she never speak Balinese. That’s because she goes to a kindergarten school with international curriculum.”
“The problem is that it is difficult for her grandparents to communicate with her. They also hesitate to offer their granddaughter traditional cakes as she eats ‘Rotiboy and pizza. They even surprised to see their granddaughter imitate the cinetron stars’ accent.
“My grandchild is the opposite. She was getting confused since she was in kindergarten school. She keeps crying when she is at home and she doesn’t want to go to school. She says that every time she is at school her teacher is mad at her as she can not read nor write. Her friends even make fun of her. I realize that her burden is too much,” says I Ketut Celurut.
It is indeed very difficult being children today. It is a ‘competence’ era. That’s why children are requested to start studying as early as possible.
In old times, children could still spend their time crawling, learning to walk slowly, that sometimes they fell themselves.
But today the situation is very much different that a kindergarten should be able to read, write and count. A good kindergarten school is the one that teaches children to read, write and count. Good parents are the ones who send their children to good kindergarten schools and ‘push’ them to study in the evening to learn reading, writing and counting.
“If they can read, write and count since they are in kindergarten school, it will be easier for them to cope with subjects when they are at elementary school. One might become a professor at his younger age. That’s the point.,” says I Made.
The problem is that what the parents want often do not match with what the children want.
It’s like making the fruits be ripe artificially that is they are ripe much earlier than they are supposed to be. It is just because one wants to be able to eat them without having to wait too long or get benefit quickly.
As everything is done ‘instantly’, so the results are, including the education system. Many children now are called cetu (very young but talking and acting like adult) and gede-gede ngonyang boreh (know a lot of theories but they don’t know how to do simple things such as flying a kite, playing traditional games, as most of them spend most their time in their room studying. There are also kinds of bantal dugal children (the children who are being fed of learning school subjects which make them easily get upset, and do not want to go to school nor listen to their teachers and parents.
“Don’t give your children too much burden. Even though they can not read nor write yet, at least they still can spend their childhood properly; laughing, playing, listening to their parents and loving their brothers. It’s much better. Even though they will not become educated people, at least they can become good people,” he continues.
There are more than enough educated people in the world, so we need more good people than smart people.