Rabu, 12 Januari 2011

Bungklang Bungkling: Prai oleh Wayan Juniartha

Diambil dari kolom ‘Bungklang Bungkling’, ‘Prai’, di harian Bali Post, Minggu, 2 Januari 2011, oleh I Wayan Juniartha. Diterjemahkan oleh Putu Semiada


Prai (Libur)
Saat ini sedang berlangsung perdebatan yang seru di warung tuak. I Made Microsoft Golden Way berperan sebagai pembicara.
“Inilah yang menyebabkan orang Bali sulit untuk berkembang. Mereka tidak punya etos kerja dan kebanyakan lembek, not tough,” katanya sembari memakai kata-kata bahasa Inggris, seperti SBY.
“Kalian jam segini sudah bisa santai di warung tuak. Kalau saudara-saudara kita orang Jawa, bisa sampai larut malam mereka kerja. Sehabis itu istirahat sebentar, terus pagi-pagi sekali mereka mulai berkerja lagi.”
Kalau orang Bali, baru bangun minum kopi dahulu. Sehabis itu mereka membaca koran. Lalu mereka ngobrol dengan tetangga. Menjelang siang mereka baru mulai bekerja dan itupun cuma sebentar. Sehabis itu mereka cepat-cepat mencari ‘lawar kuir’ untuk makan siang. Singkat cerita, tahu-tahu sudah sore. Waktunya pulang dan minum kopi.
Mereka santai-santai saja mendengar ocehannya I Made. I Made baru datang dari Amerika. Katanya libur akhir tahun. Katanya, di Amerika orang bekerja siang dan malam. Mereka sangat professional, tambahnya.
“Disamping itu banyak sekali hari libur di sini. Makanya Bali diartikan sebagai ‘Banyak Libur’. Jika ada anak teman mengadakan upacara otonan (upacara 6 bulanan), kamu ambil libur, teman istri melukat, kamu ikut libur. Jelas orang Bali not productive sama sekali,” tambahnya lagi sambil di selingi bahasa Inggris.
Karena jajan nagasarinya sudah habis, maka mulailah mereka untuk menanggapi pidatonya I Made.
“Kamu kira orang Bali sering mengambil libur karena malas, tidak senang bekerja?” I Putu Jengah Sumangah menyela.
“Sebenarnya, orang Bali sering mengambil libur untuk menjaga agama dan budaya Bali,” lanjut I Putu berapi-api.
Kamu kira upacara (odalan) di Kahyangan Tiga bisa selesai dalam waktu satu hari? Memangnya bisa melaksanakan ngaben dalam waktu satu atau dua jam?”
Kalau odalan di pura, paling tidak perlu waktu satu minggu, mulai dari persiapan, jika ada saudara yang mau ngaben bisa sampai satu bulan meskipun ada saudara yang membantu, jika desa mengadakan upacara ngenteg linggih, bisa-bisa satu bulan warganya libur.
“Jika bukan kita yang mengambil pekerjaan itu, siapa lagi? Kamu kira orang-orang Jawa yang akan bisa melaksanakan upacara? Kamu kira turis-turis itu akan mau membantu ikut ngayah?”
Turis, orang Jawa, dan juga orang Bali yang lahir di luar negeri, memang senang memuji-muji Bali serta terpesona dengan budaya Bali. Mereka senang sekali mengambil foto ngaben dan tarian-tarian. Namun semuanya pura-pura tidak mengerti bahwa supaya bisa menyelenggarakan Pelebon Agung, supaya bisa menari, orang Bali harus banyak mengambil libur.
“Kelihatannya saja libur, namun sesungguhnya kami bekerja, tetapi kami bekerja untuk menghibur hati sebagai orang Bali. Artinya kalau ingin Bali tetap lestari, maka wajib mengambil libur banyak-banyak.”
Sekarang justru I Made yang tidak bisa menjawab.

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Prai (Day Off)
There has been an hot discussion at the palm toddy stall with I Made Microsoft Golden Way talking a lot.
Balinese don’t have a strong work ethic — that’s what makes many Balinese do not make progress in their life,” he comments, trying to imitate the president’s style.
“Look at you; at this hour, you are already at the palm toddy stall. But look at our Javanese brothers: they work until late; they only sleep for a few hours before starting work again.”
What about we Balinese? After we get up, we drink coffee, and then read newspaper, chat with our friends. Then we will work for a couple of hours before we stop to have lawar kuwir (chopped turkey with Balinese vegetable) for lunch. After having lunch we start to work again before we go home and have another coffee.
Everybody does not give too much attention to what I Made says. They know that I Made has just returned from the USA for his year end holiday. According to him, the Americans work all the time and are very professional.
“But in Bali, there are too many holidays. That’s why it is called ‘BALI’ (Banyak Libur = Many Holidays/days off). You see, you take a day off to attend your friend’s child’s Balinese birthday (otonan), another day off to attend your wife’s cleansing ceremony (melukat), etc., etc. So Balinese are really not productive.
The palm toddy association members are gearing up to respond I Made’s comments as the cakes on the table are finished.
“Balinese take many days off not because they are lazy” says I Putu Jengah Sumangah (I Putu Stand for Balinese Culture).
As a matter of fact, it is because they have to maintain their religion and tradition. They are too proud of their culture, “ adds I Putu.
“As you may note, one day is not enough to carry out a temple ceremony (odalan) at one of Kayangan Tiga temples. And do you think that a cremation (ngaben) can be completed in one or two hours? Of course not.”
An odalan takes at least takes one week, starting with the preparations. A cremation may take one month in spite of some help from relatives; and if a village holds a ngenteg linggih (village cleansing ceremony), the villagers must do ngayah (do some work for traditional and religious purpose without getting paid) for one month.
“If not us, who do you think will do the job? The Javanese? The tourists?”
“The tourists, the Javanese, and the Balinese born outside Bali always say something nice about Bali and are amazed by the Balinese culture and religion. They take pictures of cremations and enjoy all the dances; but they all pretend as if they don’t understand that the Balinese should take lots of days of to be able to carry out Pelebon Agung (grand cremation), meméndet (dancing), etc.”
“It looks like ‘days off’, but actually it’s work. We don’t work for money, but more for our heart, as Balinese. I mean, if you want to maintain Balinese tradition, you have to take lots of days off.”
I Made gives no comment.